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7 Myths about ADHD (Attention Deficiency Syndrome and Hyperactivity)

At first glance, it looks like people suffering from ADHD (Attention Deficiency Syndrome and Hyperactivity), who do not recognize any rules and norms, do something wrong every second, and are badly brought up. It seems that they just need to be told how to behave. People with ADHD know the rules very well. But when they need to apply them in a situation filled with emotions — they quickly forget about all the rules and choose the easiest and most unwise solution.

ADHD — attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a disorder that is surrounded by myths. There are not tens of them, but hundreds and thousands. Let’s review the most common ones.

Myth #1. ADHD Is Just a Justification for Poor Behavior

Fact — ADHD has been accepted by a psychiatric association, The National Institutes of Health, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Brain research shows that ADHD affects many areas of the brain.

  • The prefrontal cortex and cerebellum — participate in attention concentration, judgment, organization, planning, and impulse control.
  • The anterior cingulate cortex — participates in shifting attention.
  • The temporal lobes are responsible for memory, learning, and emotional reactions.
  • Basal nuclei participate in the synthesis of a neurotransmitter, dopamine, which controls the prefrontal cortex.
  • The deep limbic system is related to emotional perception, tonus, and networking.

This is the reason why ADHD has a natural negative effect on learning, behavior, and emotions.

Myth #2: ADHD Is Common in Boys

The fact is that contrary to popular belief, not all people with this condition are hyperactive. Despite this, boys are diagnosed approximately three times more with ADHD than girls. A similar situation is seen with autism. ADHD also affects girls and women. One of the most general conditions is known under the name Inattentive ADD. Many of these kids, teens, and adults are unfairly called lazy, unmotivated, or slow. Inattentive ADHD is more common in girls than in boys.

Myth #3: ADHD Is Not a Problem at All

The fact is that without special treatment or when people with ADHD are poorly treated, it may become a severe social problem. People with ADHD often suffer from eating disorders, have bad habits (adrenaline, drugs, alcohol), may have suicidal thoughts, be dependent on others, or live as victims.

Myth #4: People With ADHD Should Try More

The fact is that no effort can change their behavior. This is the same as asking a person who needs glasses just to see. This is a different brain, and it works a bit differently.

Myth #5: Each Patient Grows Out of ADHD at the Age of 12 or 13

In reality, individuals don’t just outgrow ADHD. They continue to experience its symptoms throughout their lives. To lead fulfilling lives within their communities and interact effectively with others, they often need to invest substantial effort. Learning essential skills like planning and prioritizing becomes crucial for their success.

Myth #6: Medication Isn’t the Only Answer for ADHD

The truth is that therapy can be highly effective when prescribed appropriately, especially when it’s part of a comprehensive approach that involves education, support, physical activity, personalized diets, and supplements, along with medications when necessary. If you or your child are dealing with symptoms of ADHD, it’s crucial to undergo a thorough evaluation to ensure you’re receiving the most suitable treatment.

Myth #7: Understanding Their Struggle: ADHD Isn’t About Lack of Control, It’s an Illness

It’s important to recognize that thinking of ADHD as an excuse for everything can be counterproductive. Rather than leaving someone in a chaotic world without boundaries or guidance, it’s like dropping them in the middle of New York without any resources – no money, documents, dictionary, credit card, or phone. How can they be expected to navigate life without clear directions?

The key to addressing ADHD lies in providing clear rules, structured approaches, helpful algorithms, and consistent support and feedback from loved ones. It’s about understanding their challenges and offering a helping hand.

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